Quality control is a very important part of the manufacturing process, and defects can cause major problems for companies. That’s why it’s so important to classify defects correctly in order to improve quality. Understanding the Classification of Defects for Quality Control is an important part of doing business in China. If you are new to this country, then it will be difficult to know what all needs to be done when a product does not meet quality standards. In this article, we will go over everything that you need to know about these classification defects and how they affect your products.
There are three basic types of defects, major, minor and slight.
Major quality defects
A defect is classified as major if it has the potential to cause injury or death when used in a normal manner by consumers. Major defects are often easily identified through use of a specific testing procedure and include:
- Contamination from toxic substances, such as lead or mercury.
- A defect which causes the product to be unsafe for its intended purpose.
- Design defects that make it impossible to perform an expected function safely without additional instructions written in English language on how to do so safe with reasonable care.
A major quality defect must also meet all following criteria before being classified as one:
- The possibility of injury is high when used in normal manner by consumers
- Consumable products – food and beverages; infant formula, baby foods; dietary supplements and gourmet specialties can cause sickness or death if consumed under certain conditions)
- The defect is not easily identified through inspection and testing procedures that are recognized in the industry
- The consumer would be unable to detect a significant quality difference between goods with or without the defect.
Minor quality defects
A defect is considered minor if it will not be noticed at all by most people because they will not use the product in its intended way. Minor defects are also called aesthetic or superficial flaws, meaning that they affect the appearance but not a function of a product. Some examples are a small scratch on surface paintwork or a missing button from a shirt.
The main difference between cosmetic and major quality control defects is how noticeable it will be to customers using the product in its intended way. A minor defect would only become apparent if someone spends time looking for it whereas a major defect might be noticed immediately by an average customer.
Cosmetic problems with products may range anywhere from some dirt under one’s fingernails to scratches on expensive furniture; without viewing the item very carefully we cannot tell which category of flaw each falls into. In general, these errors do not impair the use of the product, so there is not a major safety risk and the defect can be fixed relatively easily.
Minor cosmetic defects may include scratches on surface paintwork or buttons missing from shirts (these are called superficial because they affect appearance but don’t impair the use of the product)
Slight quality defects
A supplier audit service provider categorizes a defect as Slight if it has the potential to cause inconvenience, but not injury or danger to the user such as a dent in a car door.
Slight defects can be categorized as either functional or aesthetic, depending on their effect on the product’s ability to perform its primary function and whether they are visible from the outside of the product.
Slight functional defects might cause small malfunctions such as a rattling sound when opening doors or cabinets that don’t have any impact on safety – it is more likely to lead to inconveniences rather than injury or danger, and the defect can be fixed relatively easily.
If you are unable to find the defect, you can take help from an Inspection company in China and their professionals can help you in identifying and fixing defects.